G-Tube overview – medicinenet.com

PEG tube (G-tube) brief description from Medicine.net.

G-tubes are currently put into children who refuse or are made ill from the AIDS drug regimen.

(See “Inside Incarnation” NY Press July/Aug 2005)

http://www.medicinenet.com/Percutaneous_Endoscopic_Gastrostomy/article.htm

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Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
What is percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)?
What is the purpose of PEG?
Who does PEG?
Where is PEG done?
How is PEG done?
When can the PEG patient go home?
What are the possible complications with PEG?
What are the advantages of PEG?
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy At A Glance
What is percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)?

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a surgical procedure for placing a feeding tube without having to perform an open operation on the abdomen (laparotomy). A gastrostomy (a surgical opening into the stomach) is made percutaneously (through the skin) using an endoscope (a flexible, lighted instrument) to determine where to place the feeding tube in the stomach and secure it in place.

What is the purpose of PEG?

The aim of PEG is to feed those who cannot swallow. Irrespective of the age of the patient or their medical condition, the purpose of PEG is to provide fluids and nutrition directly into the stomach.

Who does PEG?

PEG is done by a doctor. The doctor may be a general surgeon, an otolaryngologist (ENT specialist), a gastroenterologist (GI specialist), etc.

Where is PEG done?

PEP is performed in a hospital or outpatient surgical facility.

How is PEG done?

Local anesthesia (usually lidocaine or another spray) is used to anesthetize the throat. An endoscope (a flexible, lighted instrument) is passed through the mouth, throat and esophagus to the stomach. The doctor then makes a small incision (cut) in the skin of the abdomen and pushes an intravenous cannula (an IV tube) through the skin into the stomach and sutures (ties) it in place.

When can the PEG patient go home?

The patient can usually go home the same day or the next morning.

What are the possible complications with PEG?

Possible complications include wound infection (as in any kind of surgery) and dislodging or malfunction of the tube.

What are the advantages of PEG?

PEG takes less time, carries less risk and costs less than a classic surgical gastrostomy which requires opening the abdomen. Therefore, when feasible, PEG is preferable to a classic gastrostomy.

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy At A Glance
PEG is a surgical procedure.
PEG is a method of providing fluids and nutrition.
PEG is typically performed using local anesthesia.

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