A study of mid-20th Century medicine, and what faults must be constantly guarded against in science.
Bad day at Merck …. But good day at Boehringer Ingelheim! (Proud maker of Nevirapine. ‘Nevirapine – Give it to Someone You Hate’)
Why? Because: There’s Gonna be no ‘Aids Vaccine,’ after all!
WallStreetJournal: Aids Effort Suffers Big Blow
- In a major setback, one of the leading experimental AIDS vaccines not only failed to prevent test subjects from becoming infected with HIV, but it didn’t offer any indication it might delay the onset of full-blown AIDS, which had been a key hope.
- The collapse of the trial leaves Merck & Co., which had spent a decade developing the vaccine, with no remaining prospects in the global hunt for an AIDS immunization. The vaccine was tested in a network funded by the National Institutes of Health.” Continue reading Vaccine Blues, The Aids Crusade Moves On
Edmund D. Pellegrino, MD
15 August 1997 | Volume 127 Issue 4 | Pages 307-308
Exactly 50 years ago, the world learned of the moral depravity of the 20 Nazi physicians who were tried and convicted in Nuremberg for the part they played in the brutal human experiments at Auschwitz [1-4]. Ethicists have since expounded on the moral lessons to be learned from the Nuremberg Trials. So obvious these moral lessons seem now, and so gross the malfeasance, that it seems redundant to revisit them. Certainly we do not need to study such gross moral pathology that could never happen again.
That is a dangerous conclusion. Moral lessons are quickly forgotten. Medical ethics is more fragile than we think. Moral reasoning based on defective premises tends to recur in new settings. Not all of the Nazi physicians were mentally deranged-they believed they were doing the right thing. If we are to avoid even attenuated errors of the same kind, we are obliged to examine a few of their errors even now.
Continue reading The Nazi Doctors and Nuremberg: Some Moral Lessons Revisited
Williams Obstetrics, 22e
Section VI. The Puerperium
Sections: Puerperal Tubal Sterilization, Irving Procedure, Pomeroy Procedure, Parkland Procedure, Surgical Technique, Other Procedures, Failure Rates, Nonpuerperal (Interval) Tubal Sterilization, Surgical Approaches, Laparoscopic Methods of Tubal Interruption, Operative Complications, Failure Rates, Long-Term Complications, Ectopic Pregnancy, Posttubal Ligation Syndrome, Other Effects, Reversal of Tubal Sterilization, Hysterectomy, Transcervical Sterilization, Intratubal Chemical Methods, Intratubal Devices. Continue reading Female Sterilization
All of the documents on this Web page were retrieved from the archives of Shamash: The Jewish Internet Consortium. The comments inside the square [ . . . ] brackets were written by Daniel Keren for the Shamash archives.
Letter from SS-OberfŸhrer Viktor Brack to ReichsfŸhrer-SS Himmler, June 23, 1942.
Documents on the Holocaust – Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman, A. Margaliot, NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981, p. 272:
Laparoscopic sterilization camp, Report #1: Facts, impressions and some preliminary analysis.
Author: Miller R
Source: March 28, 1973. 30 p.
Abstract: A laparoscopic sterilization camp was set up in a rural part of Nepal for 2 weeks during which time 215 operations were performed by 1 surgeon. 2 weeks of motivational work and the 2-week camp supplied about the same contraceptive protection as a full year of regular clinic and field work. Demographic data showed that clients were fertile women of about 33 years of age with large families (and at least 2 sons) and about 10 more reproductive years ahead of them. Continue reading Laparoscopic sterilization camp, Report #1: Facts, impressions and some preliminary analysis
Title: Update on female sterilisation: Report from an international symposium on considerations for assessing long-term failure rates.
Author: O’Brien S; Gupta J; Najia S; Yehia M
Source: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2008;34(1):13-18. Continue reading Update on female sterilisation: Report from an international symposium on considerations for assessing long-term failure rates.
Author: Lean TH
Source: In: Inter-Governmental Coordinating Committee (IGCC) and University of North Carolina. International Fertility Research Programme. Proceedings of the expert meeting on comparative fertility research, sterilization and post-conceptive regulation, Kathmandu, Nepal, March 7-9, 1975. (Ban gkok), IGCC, 1975. P. 24
Abstract: The service is provided in 1 room set aside in the Maternal and Child Health Clinic Centre some 20 km from Kathmandu. The primary stren gths of this program are the high motivation of its patients and the efficient assembly line technique of irs well-trained staff. A special trust and respect appeared to be reserved for Dr. Giri by the patients. 1 technical improvement would be the adoption of transistorized batteries as an energy source in place of the present electrical generator, thus obviating the necessity for use of diathermy technique in tubal sterilization. Paramedical help is available on the premises should complications arise.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nazi human experimentation was a series of controversial medical experiments on large numbers of prisoners by the German Nazi regime in its concentration camps during World War II. Prisoners were coerced into participating: they did not willingly volunteer and there was never informed consent. Typically, the experiments resulted in death, disfigurement or permanent disability.
At Auschwitz and other camps, under the direction of Dr. Eduard Wirths, selected inmates were subjected to various experiments which were supposedly designed to help German military personnel in combat situations, develop new weapons, aid in the recovery of military personnel that had been injured, and to advance the racial ideology backed by the Third Reich. After the war, these crimes were tried at what became known as the Doctors’ Trial, and revulsion at the abuses perpetrated led to the development of the Nuremberg Code of medical ethics. Continue reading Nazi Human Experimentation
1 January 2001 | Stephanie Boyd
Reports of forced sterilisation and the death of women from poor medical care during and after sterilisation have deepened a murky scandal that rocked the government of ex-President Alberto Fujimori.
Alberto Fujimori may have quit, but women’s rights campaigners are not about to forgive or forget crimes against women committed by the former president’s government.
Peru was put under the scrutiny of international focus in 1997 when women’s rights activists presented compelling evidence that women were being misled, bribed or physically coerced into having sterilisations. They documented 15 cases of women who they said had died because of the poor quality of care they received. Continue reading Peru sterilisation scandal ‘swept under the carpet’
School of Social Inquiry, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic 3217, Australia
Available online 13 July 2002.
Tubal ligation is a commonly used routine procedure for female sterilisation. It is promoted as a very safe and highly effective method of permanently controlling fertility. Yet, since the early 1930s, there have been reports in the medical literature indicating that there are both short-and long-term problems with the procedure. This article reviews the medical and scientific literature in which these problems are reported in an attempt to synthesise and make sense of the results and their implications for women. Contrary to the way it is promoted, tubal ligation is fraught with complications which place at risk the health and well-being of many women. Its sequelae includes many gynaecological problems ranging from torsion, hydrosalpinx, and endometriosis to irreversible interferences with the endocrine system. It is clear that tubal ligation is not the ‘clean cut’ procedure that it purports to be, and, in the interests of women, the myths about safety and efficacy need to be publicly dispelled. Continue reading Risk and contraception : What women are not told about tubal ligation
It is only today that I have the opportunity of acknowledging the receipt of your letter of June 23. I am positively interested in seeing the sterilization by X-rays tried out at least once in one camp in a series of experiments.
Continue reading Holocaust Almanac: Sterilization Experimentation
by Rohit V. Bhatt
An early experience of camp laparoscopic sterilization in Gujarat State, India, resulted in 22 deaths among 106,500 women undergoing the operation during 1979 and 1980. Increased risk of death was seen when larger numbers of procedures were performed by year or month of year. The least experienced surgeons had the highest case-fatality rate. Improvised settings (i.e., school buildings) exacerbated the risk of death, as did advanced age, and, to a lesser extent, high parity. Errors in clinical judgment were identified in some fatal procedures. A system of health audit of large sterilization programs is needed. Key words: sterilization deaths, laparoscopic sterilization, camp sterilization
Hasina Moaddab, Somyeh Sajadian
Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, spring 2008.
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic fallopian ring reproductive sterilization is one of the common methods of contraception practiced by women in developing countries like India. This study was undertaken to study the women undergoing surgical sterilization, the way a sterilization camp is conducted in rural India when it comes to facilities, qualified staff, drugs, surgical procedure and postoperative complications. Continue reading Female surgical sterilization at a sterilization camp in Mursan, Uttar Pradesh, India.
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I. CORI BAILL, M.D., The Menopause Center, Orlando, Florida
VANESSA E. CULLINS, M.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., Planned Parenthood Federation of America, New York, New York
SANGEETA PATI, M.D., Washington, D.C.
Female sterilization is the number one contraceptive choice among women in the United States. Counseling issues include ensuring that the woman understands the permanence of the procedure and knowing the factors that correlate with future regret. The clinician should be aware of the cumulative failure rate of the procedure, which is reported to be about 1.85 percent during a 10-year period. Complications of tubal sterilization include problems with anesthesia, hemorrhage, organ damage, and mortality.